June 20, 2019
Phone: +91-0565-2471178 (O)

Biochemistry

Introduction

Department of Veterinary Biochemistry

Department of Biochemistry came into existence after bifurcation of Department of Physiology & Biochemistry in the year 1948. Apart from teaching of undergraduate students, department has good facilities for post graduate teaching and research. The department has interdisciplinary interaction in teaching and research and offers technical guidance/ assistance on problem related to subject.

Department has made significant contribution in the field of rumen metabolism and effect of urea supplementation in ration on enzyme activities and other biochemical constituents, nutritional biochemistry, blood cell biochemistry of domestic animal and birds in health and disease condition along with genetic control of red blood corpuslces enzymes, biochemical polymorphism of different constituents and their relationship with economic trait in poultry, sheep and goat. biochemical study of saliva, cervical mucous, urine in farm animals, biochemical aids to disease diagnosis, biochemistry of embryogenesis in health and disease, biochemical aspects of male and female reproduction and cloning and characterization of antimicrobial peptides are some other major areas in which Department has made significant contributions.

Summer institute on “Instrumentation and analytical techniques in Veterinary Clinical Biochemistry” in 1983 and an international symposium on “foetal biology” in 1984 were organized by the Department. department has the distinction of having handled International foundation for science, Sweden funded research project “Biochemical investigation on exotic ram semen and development of artificial insemination programme using diluted and frozen semen”

Teaching

Teaching Programme:

Department is involved in teaching Veterinary Biochemistry to undergraduate (BVSc & AH) and Post-graduate (MVSc and PhD) students.

A. BVSc & AH Programmes:

As per the course curriculum of Veterinary Council of India, following courses are being offered/ taught at undergraduate level:

Course No. Course Title Credit Hours
VPB-112 General
veterinary Biochemistry
1+1=2
VPB-122 Veterinary
Intermediary metabolism
2+1=3
VPB-321 Animal
Biotechnology
2+1=3
VLD- 411 Clinical
Biochemistry and laboratory diagnosis.
0+2=2
VLD- 421 Clinical
Biochemistry and laboratory diagnosis.
0+2=2

B. MVSc Programme:

The MVSc with course work semester system was started w.e.f. 2009-10 academic year according to the new syllabus prescribed by ICAR.

Course No. Course Title Credit Hours
VBC
601
Chemistry
of animal cell
2+0
VBC
602
Techniques
in biochemistry
0+2
VBC
603
Applications
of genomics and proteomics in molecular biology
2+0
VBC
604
Biochemistry
of biomolecules: carbohydrates, lipids and membrane’s
structure
2+0
VBC
605
Enzyme
catalysis, kinetics, inhibition and regulation
2+0
VBC
606
Metabolism-I:
carbohydrates and lipids
2+0
VBC
607
Metabolism-II:
nucleic acids and amino acids.
2+0
VBC
608
Metabolism-III:
integration and regulation.
2+0
VBC
609
Central
dogma and protein function
2+0
VBC
610
Clinical
biochemistry of animals
2+1
VBC
611
Biochemical
basis of diseases of domestic animals
2+0
VBC
612
Endocrinology
and reproductive biochemistry
2+0
VBC
613
Biochemical
basis of animal production
2+1
VBC
691
Master’s
seminar
1+
0
VBC
699
Master’s
research
20

C. PhD Programme:

The PhD with course work semester system was started w.e.f. 2009-10 academic year according to the new syllabus prescribed by ICAR.

Course No. Course Title Credit Hours
VBC 701 Advances
in biochemistry of ruminant disorders
2+0
VBC 702 Advances
in enzymology
2+0
VBC 703 Advances
in clinical biochemistry
0+2
VBC 704 Membrane
dynamics and signal transduction in animal cell
2+0
VBC 705 Methods
in protein analysis
2+1
VBC 706 Nutritional
biochemistry
2+0
VBC 707 Advances
in intermediary metabolism
2+0
VBC 708 Endocrine
control of fuelmetabolism
2+0
VBC 709 Diagnostic
enzymology-I
2+0
VBC 710 Diagnostic
enzymology-II
2+0
VBC 711 Biochemistry
of development and differentiation
2+0
VBC 712 Advances
in techniques in biochemistry
1+1
VBC 713 Advances
in mineral and vitamin metabolism and Related diseases
2+0
VBC 790 Special
problem
0+2
VBC 791 Doctoral
seminar I
1+0
VBC 792 Doctoral
seminar II
1+0
VBC 799 Doctoral
research
45

For effective teaching the Department has prepared and compiled following manuals and lecture notes for different courses of Biochemistry for the students.

Manuals

  1. Laboratory Manual of General veterinary Biochemistry(VPB – 112)
  2. Laboratory Manual of Veterinary Intermediary metabolism (VPB – 122)
  3. Laboratory Manual of Animal Biotechnology. (VPB – 321)
  4. Laboratory Manual of Clinical Biochemistry and laboratory diagnosis. (VLD – 411) NEW
  5. Laboratory Manual of Clinical Biochemistry and laboratory diagnosis. (VLD – 421)
  6. Laboratory Manual of Clinical Biochemistry and laboratory diagnosis. (VLD – 411)
  7. Laboratory Manual of General veterinary Biochemistry (VBC – 111)
  8. Laboratory Manual of Veterinary Intermediary metabolism (VBC – 122)

Lecture Notes:

  1. Lecture note on VPB-112 & 122
  2. Lecture note on VBC-411

Research

Ongoing Research Work in the Department: 

  1. A study on milk proteome and biochemical analysis of milk and blood of mastitic and healthy Sahiwal cows.
  2. Studies on Influence of certain blood adipokines and their genetic polymorphism on lactation of sahiwal cows
  3. Studies on circulating Leptin level, polymorphism of LEP and LEPR genes in hariana cows.

Ongoing Research Project in the department:

Association of bovine leptin gene polymorphism with production and reproduction traits in primiparous dairy cows.

Research paper published in National or International Journals in 2014:

  1. Vijay Pandey, Rajesh Nigam, Atul Saxena, Pawanjit Singh, Ambika Sharma, D K  Swain, and Lokesh Sharma (2014). Seasonal variations in biochemical attributes of Haryana Bull Semen. Ruminant Science 3(1):19-24
  2. Dhirendra Singh, Rajesh Nigam, Vijay Pandey and Pawanjit Singh (2014). Influence of Andrographis paniculata supplementation on lipid and vitamin metabolism in stress induced rats. Veterinary Practitioner 15 (1): 84-85.
  3. Vijay Pandey, Rajesh Nigam, Pawanjit Singh, Ambika Sharma, Atul Saxena, Dilip Kumar Swain, Lokesh Sharma and Shilpi Dixit (2014). Influence of Season on Biochemical Attributes of Bhadawari Buffalo Bull Semen: Effect of Temperature and Humidity. Journal of Animal Research 4(2):201-209.
  4. Shailaza Sharma, Rajesh Nigam, Vijay Pandey, SS Ghuman and Pawanjit Singh (2014). Circulating levels of estradiol-17β and progesterone vis a vis nitric oxide (NO) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) at and around estrus in cycling buffaloes. Journal of Applied Animal ResearchDOI: 10.1080/09712119.2014.963090.
  5. Pawanjit Singh, Rajesh Nigam and Sanjiv Kumar (2013). Antioxidant effect of vitamin E and selenium supplementation in Hariana calves. Veterinary Practitioner 14 (2) Suppe. 1: 471-472.

Faculties

Faculty Members

Name Dr. Rajesh Nigam
Designation Professor and Head
Email dr_rajesh2005@rediffmail.com
Mobile +91-7417416669
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Name Dr. Vijay Pandey
Designation Associate Professor
Email drvijaypandey@gmail.com
Mobile +91-9412777945
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Name Dr. Pawanjeet Singh
Designation Assistant Professor
Email pjsingh33@rediffmail.com
Mobile +91- 9412321059
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Name Dr. Ambika Sharma
Designation Assistant Professor
Email ambika_vet@rediffmail.com
Mobile +91- 9719074965
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Facilities

Following facilities are available in the Department of Veterinary Biochemistry

  • UG Lab
  • PG Lab

Achievements

Recently the Department Organized 2nd Annual meeting of society of veterinary science and Biotechnology and National Seminar on “Biotechnological approaches to challenges in animal health and production“ (06-07 March,2014)