Department of Veterinary Pathology
Since inception of the Department in the year 1948, and start of postgraduate programmes leading to award of MVSc and PhD degrees in the year 1956 and 1960, Department has made significant contributions.
Extensiveresearch work on various diseases of cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs, laboratory animals and birds has been done. Some of the maladies were reported for the first time in the country; salient amongst them were the incidence of lymphosarcoma, ultimobranchial lymphoid tumors in buffaloes, acute theileriosis, thyroid dysfunction, asiacantamoeba in lungs of buffaloes, under developed and atrophied fallopian tube in poultry, quail enteritis, Marek’s disease in poultry, CRD, avian respiratory chlamydiosis, transmission of maedi in host and experimental animals, nephroblastoma in a young calf, dropsy syndrome in buffaloes, sheep and poultry; antibacterial, immunomodulatory and wound healing properties of cow urine in rats, incidence of Johne’s disease in three months old kids. Fowl cholera was studied in various species of birds like chicken, quails and turkey. For prophylaxis and control oil adjuvant vaccine with addition of Vitamin E against fowl cholera was prepared and found to be superior to commercially available vaccines. Four research projects on Jaagziekte and Maedi, Marek’s disease and pneumonia sponsored by PL-480, ICAR and UP Government have been completed. The department was conferred the “Certificate of Appreciation” from USA for the excellent work on the Jaagziekte and Maedi.
Even today, department is the hub on the pulmonary diseases of domesticated animals and birds. Around one lac lungs have been pathomorphologically examined for Jaagziekte and Maedi, Chlamydial pneumonia, pulmonary mycoplasmosis, pulmonary mycosis and CRD. Some other areas where majorresearch work has been taken up by Department are argemone toxicity in birds, sheep and buffaloes. Toxicity of heavy metals like mercury, arsenic, and lead and their pathology and pathogenesis in domesticated and laboratory animals were studied.
Department has separate well equipped labs for haematology, clinicopathology, histochemistry, immunopathology and pathomorphology. Some of the major equipments are semiautomatic microtome, UV Spectrophotometer, digital
microscope for capturing microscopic and gross images along with microphotographic equipments and embalming facilities for preservation of dead-bodies and and their organs of small animals and poultry have been developed.
The department is involved in preparing best skilled veterinary pathologists at the UG level and PG level as well.
Undergraduates: the department deals with General Veterinary Pathology, Systemic Veterinary Pathology,
Special Veterinary Pathology, Avian Pathology, Aquatic Animal Diseases, Hearth Care and Management and training students in Veterinary lab Diagnosis.
Post graduate: Course work system has been introduced form the ensuing system. A total of 68 candidates have been completed the post graduate degree.
Doctorate: The department of Pathology has intensely worked on research problems on horn cancer and
other neoplasm, urolithiasis, arterial disease, female reproductive disorders, calf mortality, pulmonary Jaagsiecte and Maedi, mortalitry , dropsy syndrome in buffalo, sheep and birds, fowl cholera in chicken, quails, duck, pigeons, parrots and turkeys.
- Toxicopathology of various agrochemical and biological toxicants in poultry and laboratory animals.
- Investigation of infectious diseases of lab animals, poultry, wild birds, small and large ruminants, wild and zoo animals by means of clinic-pathological and histomorphological features.
The department is well equipped and offers some best quality facilities. We have a very nice undergraduate lab, Tissue processing lab, Histopathology lab, Clinical pathology laboratory for testing clinical samples of various body fluids, Post-mortem hall for laboratory animal, poultry and wild birds, Post-mortem facility for small and large animals wild animals and zoo animals, Classical museum with gross pathology specimens depicting gross lesions of diseases, Microscope with attached digital cameras of high resolution for displaying histopathological slides and with
microphotography facility for UG and PG students and Teaching Laboratory with Multimedia facilities for UG and PG students.
The important instrumental facilities available in the department include:
Semi-automated rotary microtome, Spectro-photometer, Binocular microscopes with high resolution photography unit, Water bath, Hot air oven, Binocular and monocular microscopes, Centrifuge machine, Deep freeze and Refrigerators.
Other than the above mentioned activities the department is also involved actively in the following activities serving the livestock keeper, poultry farmers and pet owners;
- Diagnostic pathology of poultry, small and large animals
- Clinical pathology
- Evaluation of histopathological slides
- Maintenance of different gross pathological specimens of poultry and
other domestic animals along with tumour specimens for educational
- Teaching undergraduate students
The department has an outshining history which it has marked by doing exhaustive labour and par excellence
quality research. The department had reported some rarest findings in the field of veterinary science, naming some are like, Incidence of lymphosarcoma in buffaloes, Ultimobranchial lymphoid tumors in buffaloes, Acantamoeba in lungs of buffaloes, Underdeveloped and atrophied fallopian tube in poultry, Quail enteritis, Marek’s disease in poultry, Avian respiratory chlamydiosis, Transmission of Maedi in host and experimental animals, Nephroblastoma in young calf, Dropsy syndrome in buffalo, sheep and poultry, Scientific research in healing and immunomodulatory properties of cow urine in rats and Report of Johne’s disease in 3 months old kids etc.