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Animal Reproduction & Gynecology

Department
of Animal Reproduction Gynaecology & Obstetrics

Department came up as an independent
department in 1967, however, before that, Veterinary Surgery and
Radiology Department was taking care of teaching programmes. Department
has the distinction of having received two Jawaharlal Nehru Awards for
outstanding research work in the field of animal reproduction in 1986
and 1996 on the topics “Studies on certain aspects of hormonal therapy
for anoestrus in bovines and synchronization of estrus in cattle and
buffaloes with PGF2?” and “Studies on improving certain aspects of
embryo biotechnology in buffaloes”.

Some of the salient research projects undertaken by the Department are-
standardization of protocol of freezing and thawing in Indian
thorough-bred horses under Indian climatic conditions, method for
in-vitro culture of oocytes, hormonal therapy for treatment of
anestrous, optimizing semen preservation technique especially for Murrah
bull semen, in vitro fertilization and in vitro culture of bovine
oocytes from slaughter house ovary, ultrasonographic imaging of bovine
ovaries for better understanding of follicular dynamics and optimizing
synchronization protocol for buffaloes and cows. The department has also
undertaken collaborative research with GADVASU, Ludhiana and CSWRI,
Avikanagar on developing a suitable protocol for Indian Cattle and
Buffalo.

With the improved infrastructural facilities, particularly
ultrasonography, in the Department and ECL, research work on early
pregnancy diagnosis, study of follicular dynamics, ascertaining cystic
ovary conditions, optimization of time of insemination by measuring the
dominant follicle size at the time of estrus is being undertaken.

Audiovisual facilities are being routinely employed for teaching to
graduate and postgraduate students and also field Veterinarians who
come for training. Special emphasis is being given on practical training
to UG students for conducting fetotomy using audio-visual aid and
subsequently on phantom uterus. Video films of female reproductive
tract, site of inseminations, caesarean, torsion, prolapse, dystocia are
prepared and used for effective teaching.

Extension programmes include awareness campaign for estrus detection,
protection against common reproductive ailments, colostrum feeding and
neonatal care through radio talks, TV shows, Kishan Ghosti and camps
etc. Training programmes for updating clinical skills of in-service
Veterinarians of UP Government are also being arranged under continuous
training program.


Teaching & Research

  • Imparting knowledge of the subject to undergraduate and post
    graduate students.
  • Optimizing semen preservation technique especially for Murrah bull
    semen.
  • In-vitro fertilization and in-vitro culture of bovine oocytes from
    slaughter house ovary
  • Ultrasonographic imaging of bovine ovaries for better understanding
    of follicular dynamics.
  • Optimizing synchronization protocol for buffaloes


Faculty Members

Name

Designation Qualification Email Contact
No.
View

Dr. Atul Saxena

Prof. &
Head

Ph D

dratulsaxena@rediffmail.com

+919412726813

Dr. Vijay Singh

Associate
Professor

Ph D

vijaysohlot@yahoo.co.in

+919458244024

Dr. Anuj Kumar

Assistant
Professor

PhD

anujivri@rediffmail.com

+919319509807

Dr. Vikas
Sachan

Assistant
Professor

MVSc

vikas.vet23@gmail.com

+918765696611

General Facilities

  • Routine Pregnancy diagnosis
  • AI in collaboration with Department of Genetics & Breeding
  • Infertility clinics using facility of ultrasound
  • Regular OPD and emergency services for assisted delivery.

Available equipment and Lab facilities

  • Amongst the previously available major instruments like lyophilizer
    and Gel electrophoresis, both has been used on time to time depending
    upon the research work.
  • Department has basic facilities to carry out undergraduate and
    postgraduate practical.
  • Recently purchased instruments (as combined clinical facilities)
    like ultrasound, haemato analyzer and semi auto blood chemistry
    analyzer is being used regularly for carrying out work on early
    pregnancy diagnosis, study of follicular dynamics, ascertaining cystic
    ovary conditions, optimizing the time of insemination by measuring the
    dominant follicle size at the time of estrus.
  • Beside, estimation of serum glucose, total protein, calcium and
    phosphorus being monitored in certain experiments used for
    synchronization.


Activities

  • Reproductive health care of animals in and around Mathura
  • Regular clinics for various Gynaecological ailments
  • Bi-weekly Ambulatory services to two different villages adopted by
    the University for the Welfare of animals.
  • Implementation of technique of synchronization of estrus in large
    ruminants for restricting calving interval
  • Use of ultrasonography in monitoring follicular activity in
    infertile animals (buffalo & cow) and their treatment through
    hormones in bringing them back to fertility.
  • Use of sonography in early pregnancy diagnosis (earliest by 30-32
    day) and to start suitable treatment in non pregnant animals.
  • Awareness campaign for estrus detection, protection against common
    reproductive ailments, colostrums feeding and neonatal care through
    radio talks, TV shows, Kishan Ghosti and camps etc.
  • Updating clinical skills of in-service veterinarians of UP
    Government through a continuous training program entitled “ Semen
    technology and Fertility Management”


Landmarks:

The department has the distinction of having received
two Jawaharlal Nehru Awards for the outstanding research work in the
field of animal reproduction in the year 1986 and 1996 on the topics

“Studies on certain aspects of hormonal therapy
for anoestrus in bovines and synchronization of estrus in cattle and
buffaloes with PGF2”

and

“Studies on improving certain aspects of embryo biotechnology
in the buffaloes”

  • So far 64 M.V.Sc and 08 PhD degrees have been awarded in the subject
    and majority of the degree holders are serving in various SAUs, ICAR
    research institutes, Remount and Veterinary Corps, Nationalized Banks
    and various State Government services.
  • Standardize protocol of freezing and thawing in Indian thorough bred
    horses under Indian climatic condition.
  • Standardize method for in-vitro culture of oocytes.
  • Recently being able to archive approx 60% post-thaw motility in
    buffalo bull semen preservation which is comparable with any standard
    lab meant for semen preservation.
  • Along with Department of Physiology, designed course especially for
    field veterinarian in the area of male & female reproduction in
    order to combat the problems of infertility in large ruminants. Course
    includes basic knowledge of female anatomy, heat detection &
    error, semen quality, knowledge of AI technique, semen deposition,
    repeat breeding, synchronization, use of hormones, handling of LN2
    cylinder and tank management.
  • Approximately 300 field veterinarians have attended the training in
    a span of two years time. Training was sponsored by UPLDB.
  • Special training is imparted to UG student for conducting fetotomy
    using audio-visual aid and subsequently on phantom uterus.
  • Video films of female reproductive tract and site of inseminations
    is prepared and the facilities are being shared with the students.
  • Important clinical cases such as caesarean, torsion, prolapse,
    dystocia etc video is developed however editing is required.